The dollar held steady in Tuesday’s holiday-thinned trade, shrugging off upbeat Japanese economic data as market participants pondered about next year’s potential catalysts.
Markets in Australia and Hong Kong remained closed after Monday’s Christmas holiday, and many financial centers in Europe will also be shut on Tuesday.
The euro inched down 0.1 percent to $1.1869 EUR=. The single currency gave up some ground last week after Catalan separatists won a regional election, deepening Spain’s political crisis in a sharp rebuke to Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy and European Union leaders who backed him.
Against the yen, the dollar was almost flat on the day at 113.30 JPY=.
“Yesterday and today, major markets are closed, so it’s difficult to see clear direction at the moment, and we need to think about what will happen in the beginning of next year,” said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief currency strategist for Mizuho Securities in Tokyo.
“I still believe that the passage of the U.S. tax bill and the avoidance of the government shutdown are positive for the dollar,” he said. “In a relative sense, the dollar has an advantage.”
Last week, the U.S. Congress approved a tax code overhaul that was expected to give at least a short-term lift to already solid economic growth. They also pushed through a measure to fund the federal government through Jan. 19, averting agency shutdowns.
The market had a muted reaction to data released early on Tuesday which showed that Japan’s core consumer prices rose for the 11th straight month, up 0.9 percent year-on-year, and household spending jumped in November.
While the inflation rate remains distant from the Bank of Japan’s 2 percent target, the rise offered some hope that a steady economic recovery will gradually drive up prices.
“The inflation numbers were pretty good,” said Bart Wakabayashi, branch manager for State Street Bank in Tokyo.
“The only big factor still left is wages, and then you’ll have the perfect storm” for prices to move higher, he said.
On Tuesday, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe urged companies to raise wages by 3 percent or more next year, keeping up pressure on firms to spend their huge cash pile on wages to broaden the benefits of his “Abenomics” stimulus policies.
Minutes of the BOJ’s October meeting, released on Tuesday, showed most members shared the view that the central bank should maintain its easy policy.
The BOJ kept monetary policy steady last week and its governor reassured markets the central bank will lag well behind overseas peers in ending its ultra-easy policies.
The dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six major rivals, edged down slightly to 93.278 .DXY.
Bitcoin extended its gains, and was last up 10.5 percent at $15,375.83 BTC=BTSP on the Luxembourg-based Bitstamp exchange.
The volatile cryptocurrency fell nearly 30 percent at one stage on Friday.